Article of interest - Dopamine receptors D1 and D2 show prognostic significance and potential therapeutic applications for endometrial cancer patients
Español P, Rovira R, Caruana P, Luna-Guibourg R, Soler C, Teixeira N, Rodríguez F, Gallardo A, Edwards M, Porta O, Gámez M, Sánchez O, Llurba E, Corchero JL, Céspedes MV.
Gynecol Oncol. 2023 Jul 10
New article of interest of the RICORS-SAMID network
Objective: Catecholaminergic signaling has been a target for therapy in different type of cancers. In this work, we characterized the ADRβ2, DRD1 and DRD2 expression in healthy tissue and endometrial tumors to evaluate their prognostic significance in endometrial cancer (EC), unraveling their possible application as an antitumor therapy.
Methods: 109 EC patients were included. The expression of the ADRβ2, DRD1 and DRD2 proteins was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and univariate and multivariate analysis to assess their association with clinic-pathological and outcome variables. Finally, HEC1A and AN3CA EC cell lines were exposed to different concentrations of selective dopaminergic agents alone or in combination to study their effects on cellular viability.
Results: ADRβ2 protein expression was not associated with clinico-pathological parameters or prognosis. DRD1 protein expression was reduced in tumors samples but showed a significant inverse association with tumor size and stage. DRD2 protein expression was significantly associated with non-endometrioid EC, high grade tumors, tumor size, worse disease-free survival (HR = 3.47 (95%CI:1.35-8.88)) and overall survival (HR = 2.98 (95%CI:1.40-6.34)). The DRD1 agonist fenoldopam showed a reduction of cellular viability in HEC1A and AN3CA cells. The exposure to domperidone, a DRD2 antagonist, significantly reduced cell viability compared to the control. Finally, DRD1 agonism and DRD2 antagonism combination induced a significant reduction in cell viability of the AN3CA cells compared to monotherapy, close to being an additive response than a synergistic effect (CI of 1.1 at 0.5% Fa).
Conclusion: DRD1 and DRD2 expression levels showed a significant association with clinico-pathological parameters. Both the combined activation of DRD1 and blockage of DRD2 may form an innovative strategy to inhibit tumor growth in EC.